We show experimental evidence of the equilibrium surface magnetization of α-Cr2O3(0001) by studying chromium magnetization at the Co(111)/ α-Cr2O3(0001) interface. The soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism intensity from uncompensated Cr spins was found to be almost independent of the interface roughness and exchange anisotropy energy. Moreover, no exchange bias training effect was found, except in the transition temperature regime, suggesting that the antiferromagnetic spin structure, including the interface spin arrangement, is in equilibrium. Furthermore, the exchange bias polarity was switched by magnetoelectric field cooling, which is also a salient feature of the surface magnetization of α-Cr2O3(0001).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)