Equilibrium morphologies for Cl-roughened Si(100) at 700–750 K: Dependence on Cl concentration

G. J. Xu, Koji S. Nakayama, B. R. Trenhaile, C. M. Aldao, J. H. Weaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Adsorbed halogen atoms on Si(100)-(2×1) can induce roughening at temperatures where material removal (etching) is minimal. Variable temperature scanning tunneling microscopy was used to follow roughening at 700–750 K for surfaces with 0.1–0.99 ML of Cl. Dimer vacancies and Si adatoms were observed at short times, and at longer times the progression toward a state of dynamic equilibrium was traced. Once dynamic equilibrium was reached, the appearance of individual pits and regrowth islands changed but their densities and mean sizes did not. The results show that the roughness depends nonlinearly on Cl coverage with surfaces having 0.3 ML being nearly ten times rougher than those with 0.1 ML. The importance of Cl-free dimers is stressed, and the role of Cl as an impediment for vacancy and adatom diffusion is demonstrated. Roughening is attributed mainly to adsorbate-adsorbate repulsive interactions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Mar 31
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Equilibrium morphologies for Cl-roughened Si(100) at 700–750 K: Dependence on Cl concentration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this