Equilibrium and kinetics studies on the adsorption of substituted phenols by a Cu-Al layered double hydroxide intercalated with 1-naphthol-3,8-disulfonate

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Abstract

Cu-Al layered double hydroxides (Cu-Al LDHs) intercalated with 1-naphthol-3,8-disulfonate (1-N-3,8-DS2-) were confirmed to easily take up substituted phenols with electron-poor benzene rings from aqueous solution. The uptake of the substituted phenols by the 1-N-3,8-DS•Cu-Al LDH was better expressed by the Langmuir-type than the Dubinin-Radushkevich (DR) adsorption model. The negative values of ΔG for all substituted phenols indicate that the adsorption process is spontaneous regardless of the temperature. The |ΔH| values for all substituted phenols are less than 20 kJ mol-1, indicating that the phenol uptake by this LDH can be considered a physical adsorption process caused by π-π stacking interactions. Although the uptake of the substituted phenols by the 1-N-3,8-DS•Cu-Al LDH can be considered a physical adsorption process caused by π-π stacking interactions, it is closely related chemically to Langmuir-type adsorption. The uptake of various substituted phenols by 1-N-3,8-DS•Cu-Al LDH followed the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. By fitting the results of phenol uptake by 1-N-3,8-DS•Cu-Al LDH to the Eyring equation, it was found that positive values of ΔH and ΔG indicated the presence of an energy barrier in the adsorption process. Furthermore, the positive value of ΔH confirmed that the process was endothermic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)322-328
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume670
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 15

Keywords

  • 1-Naphthol-3,8-disulfonate
  • Cu-Al layered double hydroxide
  • Equilibrium
  • Kinetics
  • Substituted phenols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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