Anti-bear podoplanin (bPDPN) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), including PMab-247 and PMab-241, have been previously established. Although PMab-247 has shown positive immunostaining for lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs), type I alveolar cells of the lung, and podocytes of the kidney, PMab-241 stains LECs but does not react with lung type I alveolar cells. PDPN possesses three platelet aggregation-stimulating (PLAG) domains (PLAG1, PLAG2, and PLAG3) and the PLAG-like domain (PLD). The binding epitope of PMab-247 was previously determined to include bPDPN residues Asp76, Arg78, Glu80, and Arg82. Among these, Glu80 and Arg82 are included in PLD of bPDPN. The purpose of this study is to determine the binding epitope of PMab-241 and to clarify the difference between these two anti-bPDPN mAbs. Analysis of bPDPN deletion mutants revealed that the N-terminus of the PMab-241 epitope exists between amino acids (aa) 75 and 80 of bPDPN. In addition, analysis of bPDPN point mutants demonstrated that the critical epitope of PMab-241 includes Thr75, Asp76, and Arg78 of bPDPN. The binding epitopes of PMab-241 and PMab-247 seem to overlap, but this slight difference may be sufficient to provide the specificity of PMab-241 to discriminate LECs from type I alveolar cells of the lung.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Monoclonal antibodies in immunodiagnosis and immunotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Jun|
- bear podoplanin
- monoclonal antibody
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy