Epitope Analysis of an Anti-Whale Podoplanin Monoclonal Antibody, PMab-237, Using Flow Cytometry

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Podoplanin (PDPN) is a small mucin-type transmembrane glycoprotein, which was first discovered in podocytes of the kidney. PDPN is a specific lymphatic endothelial marker and is also known as T1alpha, a marker of lung type I alveolar cells, or Aggrus, a platelet aggregation-inducing factor. PDPN possesses three platelet aggregation-stimulating (PLAG) domains and PLAG-like domains (PLDs), which bind to C-type lectin-like receptor-2. Previously, we developed a novel anti-whale PDPN (wPDPN) monoclonal antibody (mAb) PMab-237 using the Cell-Based Immunization and Screening (CBIS) method and the RIEDL tag of Arg-Ile-Glu-Asp-Leu sequence. PMab-237 detected wPDPN by flow cytometry, western blot, and immunohistochemical analyses. However, the specific binding epitope of PMab-237 for wPDPN remains unknown. In this study, deletion mutants and point mutants of wPDPN with N-terminal RIEDL tag were produced to analyze the PMab-237 epitope using flow cytometry. The analysis of deletion mutants showed that the N-terminus of the PMab-237 epitope exists between the 80th amino acid (AA) and the 85th AA of wPDPN. In addition, the analysis of point mutants demonstrated that the critical epitope of PMab-237 includes Leu82 and Thr84 of wPDPN, indicating that the PMab-237 epitope is located in the PLD of wPDPN.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-22
Number of pages6
JournalMonoclonal antibodies in immunodiagnosis and immunotherapy
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb

Keywords

  • PMab-237
  • epitope
  • monoclonal antibody
  • podoplanin
  • whale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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