Epithelioid leiomyosarcoma of the uterine cervix: A case report and review of the literature

Masafumi Toyoshima, Chikako Okamura, Hitoshi Niikura, Kiyoshi Ito, Nobuo Yaegashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Epithelioid leiomyosarcomas arising from the uterine cervix are extremely rare neoplasms, with only three cases reported in the English literature. Case. A 53-year-old Japanese woman was admitted to our university hospital due to massive vaginal bleeding from a cervical tumor. A total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was performed. Histological findings, including immunohistochemical study using desmin, SMA, cytokeratin, S-100, HMB-45, vimentin, melan-A, and CD68, led to a diagnosis of epithelioid leiomyosarcoma of the uterine cervix. The patient underwent adjuvant chemotherapy and has been disease-free for over 20 months. Conclusion. Immunohistochemical studies may be needed to differentiate among the alternative diagnoses of malignant melanoma, metastatic carcinoma, and epithelioid sarcoma. Additional cases are needed to develop optimal management strategies and to predict prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)957-960
Number of pages4
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume97
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jun

Keywords

  • Case report
  • Cervical leiomyosarcoma
  • Epithelioid leiomyosarcoma
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Uterine cervix

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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