Lipophilic derivatives of muramylpeptides, namely N(α)-(N-acetylmuramyl-L-analyl-D-isoglutaminyl)-N(ε)-stearoyl-L-lysine [MDP-Lys(Ll8)] and 6-O-(2-tetradecylhexadecanoyl)-MDP (B30-MDP), were demonstrated to significantly enhance anti-bovine serum albumin (BSA) antibody production when they were incorporated in liposomes with BSA and administered by gastric intubation to BALB/c mice on days 0 and 1 (the primary immunization) and on days 27 and 28 (booster). N-acetylmuramyl-L-analyl-D-isoglutamine (MDP) itself showed negligible activity under the same experimental conditions. A stearoyl derivative of sodium β-N-acetylglucosaminyl-(1-4)-N-acetylmuramyl-L-analyl-D-isoglutaminyl -(L)-stearoyl(D)-meso-diaminopilemic acid-(D)-amide-D-alanine(GM-53) that was isolated by enzymatic degradation of L. plantarum cell wall peptidoglycans showed a powerful adjuvant effect by oral administration in liposomes with BSA. Similar or stronger adjuvant effects were observed by oral administration of LPS preparations, KO3 LPS isolated from K. pneumoniae (a noncapsulated mutant, LEN-1), Bacto lipopolysaccharide W derived from E. coli (O127:B8) and BIOSTIM F1 fraction derived from K. pneumoniae (O1:K2). Liposomes as a vehicle for oral administration were not always required for the manifestation of the adjuvant effects of MDP-Lys(L18) and BIOSTIM F1. These compounds, but not B30-MDP, showed a powerful adjuvant effect when orally administered with BSA in phosphate buffered saline.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 1986 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)