Enhancement of Rashba spin-orbit interaction due to wave function engineering

Y. Kunihashi, M. Kohda, J. Nitta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have demonstrated an enhancement of Rashba spin-orbit interaction (SOI) in In 0.53Ga 0.47As/In 0.7Ga 0.3As/ In 0.53Ga 0.47As double-step structure in comparison with In 0.53Ga 0.47As normal quantum well. In the double-step structure, high electron probability density is located on the In 0.53Ga 0.47As/In 0.7Ga 0.3As heterointerface to enhance the interface contribution of Rashba SOI. The double-step structure is designed based on k̇p formalism considering field and interface contributions separately. The Rashba parameter α calculated by the k̇p formalism shows good agreement with the experimental value by analyzing weak antilocalization. The large carrier density dependence of α is due to the In 0.53Ga 0.47As/In 0.7Ga 0.3As heterointerface contribution as well as the energy-band bending in the In 0.7Ga 0.3As quantum well. The results of this study suggest that the precise control of interface and field contributions in Rashba SOI will make its application to semiconductor spintronics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-52
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Quantum well
  • Spin-orbit interaction
  • Spintronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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