Enhancement of osteogenesis by concanavalin A in human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell cultures

K. Sekiya, M. Nishimura, F. Suehiro, H. Nishimura, T. Hamada, Y. Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates concanavalin A (ConA) as a novel factor that may enhance osteogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in vitro. Various factors, such as cytokine bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), have been studied for their possible promotion of MSC osteogenesis in vivo and in vitro. However, the factor that might be safer, more effective, and less expensive than these has not been determined. We therefore cultured human MSCs in osteogenic medium in the presence or absence of ConA, and used calcium assays to compare the effects of ConA and BMP-2 on MSC calcification, we also used enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to evaluate the expression levels of bone-specific markers. ConA and BMP-2 enhanced calcification with comparable effectiveness. The combination of ConA and BMP-2 further enhanced calcification slightly but significantly. ConA also increased osteocalcin and BMP-2 protein levels in MSC culture medium. Furthermore, ConA increased osteocalcin, RUNX2, BMP-2, BMP-4, and BMP-6 mRNA expression levels. However, the gene expression pattern of ConA-stimulated MSCs was different from that of MSCs stimulated by BMP-2. Together, these results suggest that ConA and BMP-2 enhance MSC os, teogenesis via different pathways. ConA-induced bone formation in MSC cultures may be useful in re. generative medicine or tissue engineering in clinical studies, as well as in basic research on bone formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)708-715
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Aug
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Calcification
  • Concanavalin A
  • Mesenchymal stem cells
  • Osteogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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