Using transgenic mice technology, it has now become possible to test directly whether VIP and PHM-27 can enhance glucose-induced insulin secretion and reduce blood glucose in vivo. By microinjecting the entire human VIP gene ligated to the rat insulin II promoter, we have established a mouse model that overproduces VIP and PHM-27 in pancreatic P cells. VIP was secreted from transgenic islets in a glucose-dependent manner. Analyses of these VIP-transgenic mice indicated that the transgene efficiently enhances glucose-induced insulin secretion and significantly reduces blood glucose as compared with control mice. The transgene also ameliorated glucose intolerance of 70% depancreatized mice. The present results suggest that somatic cell gene therapy directed to diabetic islets by human VIP/PHM-27 gene introduction may provide a means to improve the secretory function of the diabetic islets.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- History and Philosophy of Science