Enhanced recovery after surgery for gastric cancer and an assessment of preoperative carbohydrate loading

R. Makuuchi, N. Sugisawa, S. Kaji, M. Hikage, M. Tokunaga, Y. Tanizawa, E. Bando, T. Kawamura, M. Terashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Background We previously reported on the feasibility of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol for gastric cancer with a prospective phase II study, but the superiority of this approach over non-ERAS perioperative management remains unclear. Preoperative carbohydrate loading, an important element of the ERAS protocol, has been shown to reduce insulin resistance, but its effects on clinical endpoints in gastric cancer surgery remain controversial. The aim of this study was to clarify the efficacy of the ERAS protocol for gastric cancer surgery, with particular focus on preoperative carbohydrate loading. Methods In this ERAS case–control study, we enrolled 121 patients as a case group and 259 patients undergoing gastrectomy for gastric cancer with our conventional perioperative management as a control group. Matched-pair analysis was performed to balance the patients' characteristics for comparison analysis. Results After matching, 108 patients were included in each group. Postoperative hospital stay was significantly shorter in the ERAS group than in the control group (8 days vs. 9 days, p < 0.001), while the incidence of Clavien–Dindo classification grade II or more postoperative complication was similar between the groups (11.1% vs. 15.7%, p = 0.325). No significant differences were found in serum albumin level, body weight, or grip strength between the groups before surgery and at 1 week and 1 month after surgery. Conclusion Use of the ERAS protocol for gastric cancer shortened the length of postoperative hospital stay without increasing complications. Preoperative carbohydrate loading didn't improve the postoperative nutritional status or maintain the muscle strength postoperatively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-217
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1


  • Carbohydrates
  • Case-control study
  • Gastrectomy
  • Perioperative care
  • Stomach neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology


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