Enhanced post-ischemic angiogenesis in mice lacking RNF213; A susceptibility gene for moyamoya disease

Akira Ito, Miki Fujimura, Kuniyasu Niizuma, Atsushi Kanoke, Hiroyuki Sakata, Yuiko Fujimura, Atsuo Kikuchi, Shigeo Kure, Teiji Tominaga

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55 Citations (Scopus)


Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a chronic occlusive cerebrovascular disease with unknown etiology that is characterized by the development of abnormal vascular networks at the base of the brain. Recent genome-wide studies identified RNF213 as an important MMD susceptibility gene. However, the exact mechanism by which the RNF213 abnormality leads to MMD remains unknown. Thus, we sought to clarify the role of RNF213 in angiogenesis under ischemic conditions using conventional RNF213 knockout mice. We assessed the infarction volume, cerebral edema, and vascular density in the ischemic brain after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO). To further evaluate systemic angiogenesis following chronic ischemia, we investigated blood flow recovery using laser speckle flowmetry, the severity of ambulatory impairments, and vascular density in the hind-limb after permanent femoral artery ligation. Results were compared between homozygous RNF213 knockout mice (RNF213 -/-) and wild-type littermates (Wt). No significant differences were observed in infarction volume or the formation of edema following tMCAO, or in vascular density 28 days after tMCAO between RNF213 -/- and Wt. Blood flow recovery was significantly improved in RNF213 -/- from 3 to 28 days after femoral artery ligation, and angiogenesis as shown by vascular density in the hind-limb was significantly enhanced in RNF213 -/- at 28 days. The amelioration of ambulatory impairments was also evident in RNF213 -/-. Angiogenesis was enhanced in mice lacking RNF213 after chronic hind-limb ischemia, which suggested the potential role of the RNF213 abnormality in the development of pathological vascular networks in chronic ischemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310-320
Number of pages11
JournalBrain research
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 12


  • Angiogenesis
  • Ischemia
  • Moyamoya disease
  • RNF213
  • Target disruption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology


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