Enhanced hydrogen production from biomass via the sulfur redox cycle under hydrothermal conditions

Putri Setiani, Javier Vilcáez, Noriaki Watanabe, Atsushi Kishita, Noriyoshi Tsuchiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new method of hydrogen production from biomass via a sulfur redox cycle at moderate temperatures has been proposed. This method, which can utilize excess sulfur from hydrocarbon refining processes and waste or geothermal heat, consists of two half cycles: (1) hydrogen production from an aqueous alkaline solution at subcritical conditions of water, where sulfide, HS- and S2-, acts as a reducing agent of water, and (2) sulfide regeneration under much milder conditions, with an organic compound derived from biomass acting as a reducing agent of polysulfide, Sn2-, and sulfur oxyanion, SxOy2-, formed in the first half cycle. During a 60-min reaction of an aqueous sodium sulfide solution, hydrogen production was observed at ≥280 °C and corresponding saturated vapor pressures. Addition of D-glucose, C6H12O 6, to the solution after hydrogen production at 300 °C resulted in sulfide regeneration at temperatures ≥60 °C in the present 10-min reaction. Moreover, hydrogen production from glucose via the sulfur redox cycle was demonstrated, where the hydrogen production and sulfide regeneration were conducted at 300 °C and 105 °C, respectively. Results indicated that hydrogen production from 1 mol glucose was greater than that by hydrothermal gasification of glucose at much higher temperatures up to 500 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10674-10682
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume36
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Glucose
  • Hydrogen production
  • Hydrothermal condition
  • Sulfur redox cycle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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