Enhanced antitumor effect of combined-modality treatment using convection-enhanced delivery of hydrophilic nitrosourea with irradiation or systemic administration of temozolomide in intracranial brain tumor xenografts

Shin Ichiro Sugiyama, Yoji Yamashita, Toshio Kikuchi, Yukihiko Sonoda, Toshihiro Kumabe, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Convection-enhanced delivery (CED) is a local infusion technique that delivers chemotherapeutic agents directly to the central nervous system, circumventing the blood-brain barrier and reducing systemic side effects. We previously reported the safety and efficacy of CED of ACNU (nimustine hydrochloride: 3-[(4-amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl]-1-(2-chloroethyl)-1- nitrosourea hydrochloride), a hydrophilic nitrosourea, in rat brain tumor models. This study evaluated the efficacy of combined-modality treatments using CED of ACNU with irradiation or systemic administration of temozolomide. Methods: Antitumor efficacy and toxicity of the treatment were evaluated using rat 9L intracranial brain tumor models. Results: Combined treatment using CED of ACNU with irradiation produced significantly longer survival time than each treatment alone (versus CED: p<0.001, versus irradiation: p<0.05, log-rank test) or systemic administration of ACNU with irradiation (p<0.001). Long-term survival (120 days) and eradication of tumor occurred only in this combined-treatment group. We also showed that CED of ACNU plus systemic administration of temozolomide significantly enhanced survival rate compared with each treatment alone (versus CED: p<0.001, versus systemic temozolomide: p<0.05). Discussion: Multimodality treatment using CED of ACNU, radiotherapy and systemic chemotherapy with temozolomide is a promising strategy for treatment of brain tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)960-967
Number of pages8
JournalNeurological research
Volume30
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Brain tumor
  • Convection-enhanced delivery
  • Nimustine hydrochloride
  • Radiotherapy
  • Temozolomide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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