Engineering Single-Shot All-Optical Switching of Ferromagnetic Materials

Junta Igarashi, Quentin Remy, Satoshi Iihama, Grégory Malinowski, Michel Hehn, Jon Gorchon, Julius Hohlfeld, Shunsuke Fukami, Hideo Ohno, Stéphane Mangin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Since it was recently demonstrated in a spin-valve structure, magnetization reversal of a ferromagnetic layer using a single ultrashort optical pulse has attracted attention for future ultrafast and energy-efficient magnetic storage or memory devices. However, the mechanism and the role of the magnetic properties of the ferromagnet as well as the time scale of the magnetization switching are not understood. Here, we investigate single-shot all-optical magnetization switching in a GdFeCo/Cu/[CoxNi1-x/Pt] spin-valve structure. We demonstrate that the threshold fluence for switching both the GdFeCo and the ferromagnetic layer depends on the laser pulse duration and the thickness and the Curie temperature of the ferromagnetic layer. We are able to explain most of the experimental results using a phenomenological model. This work provides a way to engineer ferromagnetic materials for energy efficient single-shot all-optical magnetization switching.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8654-8660
Number of pages7
JournalNano Letters
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec 9


  • All-optical switching
  • single-shot all-optical switching
  • spin current
  • spin valve
  • ultrafast demagnetization
  • ultrafast laser

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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