Energy utilisation of carbohydrate, fat and protein sources in newly hatched broiler chicks

B. Sulistiyanto, Y. Akiba, K. Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1. TME, TMEn and metabolisability (TME/gross energy) of energy-yielding foodstuffs were determined in 1, 3 and 10 d old broiler chicks, using the assay method developed by Murakami et al. (1994), in order to characterise energy utilisation during the 10 d after hatching. 2. TME, TMEn and metabolisability of dextrin and starch were low in chicks aged 1 d, and increased with age up to 10 d. Energy values of glucose and maltose at days 1 and 3 could not be determined because of the sudden death of birds soon after the feeding. TMEn and metabolisability of cereal sources were lower in d-old chicks than in those aged 3 and 10 d. At all ages, maize was better utilised than wheat and sorghum. 3. In the fat sources (coconut oil, beef tallow and safflower oil) no age dependency was observed in TME, TMEn and metabolisability. 4. Bioavailability of soyabean meal and fish meal was lower at 1 d than at 3 d and 10 d. Energy utilisation from casein was the highest among the protein sources tested and it was not age dependent. 5. It is concluded that energy utilisation of carbohydrate and protein sources during 10 d post-hatch tended to increase with age. Among the energy yielding foodstuffs fat sources seem to be better utilised, with no age dependency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-659
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Poultry Science
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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