Energy transfer luminescence of Tb3+ ion complexed with calix[4]arenetetrasulfonate and the thia and sulfonyl analogue. The effect of bridging groups

N. Iki, T. Horiuchi, H. Oka, K. Koyama, N. Morohashi, C. Kabuto, S. Miyano

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New analogues of calix[4]arenetetrasulfonate (1) were prepared, in which the methylene bridges are replaced by S (2) and SO2 (3). The complexation ability of these calixarene ligands 1-3 toward Tb3+ ion and luminescence properties of the resulting complexes were examined. All the ligands formed complexes with lanthanide ions (Pr3+, Sm3+, Eu3+, Tb3+ and Dy3+), among which the Tb3+ complex exhibited strong energy transfer luminescence. The pH dependence of the luminescence intensity suggested that the analogues 2 and 3 possess higher complexation ability towards Tb3+ than the parent 1, which should be ascribed to the higher acidity of the phenolic OH groups as well as the coordinating ability of the bridging groups S and SO2. The composition of the complexes of 2 and 3 was determined to be Tb3+·2 and Tb3+·3 by a molar ratio method. The photophysical properties such as emission lifetimes (τ) and quantum yields (φ) of the complexes were estimated. Both Tb3+·2 and Tb3+·3 gave comparable τ values (0.7 ms), which are larger than that of Tb3+·(1)2 (0.6 ms). Comparison of their lifetimes in D2O solution suggested that Tb3+·2 and Tb3+·3 have four to five coordinated water molecules responsible for quenching. On the other hand, complex Tb3+·2 gave the largest φ value (0.15), whereas Tb3+·(1)2 and Tb3+·3 gave very close φ values (0.12 and 0.13, respectively). The results of this study showed that thiacalix[4]arenetetrasulfonate 2 and the sulfonyl analogue 3 are promising candidates for the scaffold to construct luminescence devices from the viewpoint of the higher complexation ability and luminescent performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2219-2225
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society. Perkin Transactions 2
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


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