Energy storage on ultrahigh surface area activated carbon fibers derived from PMIA

Alberto Castro-Muñiz, Fabián Suárez-García, Amelia Martínez-Alonso, Juan M.D. Tascõn, Takashi Kyotani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-performance carbon materials for energy storage applications have been obtained by using poly(m-phenylene isophthalamide), PMIA, as a precursor through the chemical activation of the carbonized aramid fiber by using KOH. The yield of the process of activation was remarkably high (25-40 wt %), resulting in activated carbon fibers (ACFs) with ultrahigh surface areas, over 3000 m 2 g-1, and pore volumes exceeding 1.50 cm3 g-1, keeping intact the fibrous morphology. The porous structure and the surface chemical properties could easily be controlled through the conditions of activation. The PMIA-derived ACFs were tested in two types of energy storage applications. At -196 °C and 1 bar, H2 uptake values of approximately 3 wt % were obtained, which, in combination with the textural properties, rendered it a good candidate for H2 adsorption at high pressure and temperature. The performance of the ACFs as electrodes for electrochemical supercapacitors was also investigated. Specific capacitance values between 297 and 531 F g-1 at 50 mA g-1 were obtained in aqueous electrolyte (1 M H2SO4), showing different behaviors depending on the surface chemical properties. Versatile microporous carbon fibers: High-performance activated carbon fibers with different textural and surface chemical properties are obtained from a polymeric fiber by simply choosing different preparation conditions. The fibers show very promising performances in energy storage applications such as H2 storage and supercapacitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1406-1413
Number of pages8
JournalChemSusChem
Volume6
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Aug 1

Keywords

  • activation
  • adsorption
  • carbon
  • energy storage
  • microporous materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Energy(all)

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  • Cite this

    Castro-Muñiz, A., Suárez-García, F., Martínez-Alonso, A., Tascõn, J. M. D., & Kyotani, T. (2013). Energy storage on ultrahigh surface area activated carbon fibers derived from PMIA. ChemSusChem, 6(8), 1406-1413. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201300295