Energy storage in batteries and fuel cells

Tetsuya Kajita, Takashi Itoh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Batteries and fuel cells (FCs) are the two major types of solar energy storage devices currently in use. Secondary batteries reversibly convert stored chemical energy (e.g., from solar power devices) into electrical energy. FCs generally convert chemical energy from fuel into electricity via chemical reactions with oxygen. Hydrogen is the most common fuel, but hydrocarbons such as natural gas and methanol are sometimes used. FCs are distinct from batteries in that the former require a constant source of fuel and oxygen (e.g., through solar electrolysis of water) to sustain their chemical reactions, and can continuously produce electricity for as long as these inputs are supplied. A system consisting of stored hydrogen in a cylinder tank and an FC system functions as a battery. In this chapter, we discuss batteries and FCs for use with solar power devices, in terms of current practice and future perspectives.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLecture Notes in Energy
PublisherSpringer-Verlag
Pages105-122
Number of pages18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 1

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Energy
Volume32
ISSN (Print)2195-1284
ISSN (Electronic)2195-1292

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)

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  • Cite this

    Kajita, T., & Itoh, T. (2016). Energy storage in batteries and fuel cells. In Lecture Notes in Energy (pp. 105-122). (Lecture Notes in Energy; Vol. 32). Springer-Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-25400-5_7