Energy-Resolved Detection of Precipitating Electrons of 30–100 keV by a Sounding Rocket Associated With Dayside Chorus Waves

S. Sugo, O. Kawashima, S. Kasahara, K. Asamura, R. Nomura, Y. Miyoshi, Y. Ogawa, K. Hosokawa, T. Mitani, T. Namekawa, T. Sakanoi, M. Fukizawa, N. Yagi, Y. Fedorenko, A. Nikitenko, S. Yokota, K. Keika, T. Hori, C. Koehler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Whistler mode chorus waves scatter magnetospheric electrons and cause precipitation into the Earth's atmosphere. Previous measurements showed that nightside chorus waves are indeed responsible for diffuse/pulsating aurora. Although chorus waves and electron precipitation have also been detected on the dayside, their link has not been illustrated (or demonstrated) in detail compared to the nightside observations. Conventional low-altitude satellite observations do not well resolve the energy range of 10–100 keV, hampering verification on resonance condition with chorus waves. In this paper we report observations of energetic electrons with energies of 30–100 keV that were made by the electron sensor installed on the NASA's sounding rocket RockSat-XN. It was launched from the Andøya Space Center on the dayside (MLT ∼ 11 h) at the L-value of ∼7 on January 13, 2019. Transient electron precipitation was observed at ∼50 keV with the duration of <100 s. The VLF receiver of a ground station at Kola peninsula in Russia near the rocket's footprint observed intermittent emissions of whistler-mode waves at the VLF frequency range simultaneously with the rocket observations. The energy of precipitating electrons is consistent with those derived from the quasilinear theory of pitch angle scattering by chorus waves through cyclotron resonance, assuming a typical dayside magnetospheric electron density. Precise interaction region is discussed based on the obtained energy spectrum below 100 keV.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2020JA028477
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume126
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Geophysics

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