Energy location of Ce3+ 4f level and majority carrier type in Gd3Al2Ga3O12:Ce crystals studied by surface photovoltage spectroscopy

Mamoru Kitaura, Junpei Azuma, Manabu Ishizaki, Kei Kamada, Shunsuke Kurosawa, Shinta Watanabe, Akimasa Ohnishi, Kazuhiko Hara

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Physics & Astronomy