The fundamental optical absorption bands have been found at about 4.5 eV in the alkali cuprous halide (ACH) crystals of K2CuCl3, K2CuBr3, Rb2CuCl3 and Rb2CuBr3, and from 3.9 to 5.2 eV in Rb2CuI3. From the measured ultraviolet photoelectron spectra of the ACH's and the alkali silver halide (ASH) crystals, it has been concluded that the uppermost valence band of the ACH and the ASH are the d-band of the cuprous ions and the ρ-band of the halogen ions, respectively. The energy band structure of K2CuCl3 and Rb2AgI3 has been calculated by an augmented-planewave method and it is shown that the direct band gap exists at the Γ point in each crystal. The features of the calculated valence bands are consistent with the optical absorption and the photoelectron spectra. The calculated effective mass of an electron at the bottom of the conduction band shows small anisotropy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)