KIF1A is a single-headed molecular motor that moves processively and unidirectionally along a microtubule by using the chemical energy released by hydrolyzing adenosine triphosphate (ATP) into adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and inorganic phosphate (Pi). Although the movement of KIF1A seems to have successfully been explained by a simple Brownian motor model of the flashing ratchet type, this model is not suited to discuss the energetics of KIF1A. We introduce an elaborated model of the ratchet type to investigate how the chemical free energy is converted into mechanical work by taking account of the binding and release of reactant (ATP) and product (ADP and Pi) molecules to and from the motor. The efficiency of energy transduction, the power output, and other quantities are calculated from the analytically obtained steady-state solution of the Fokker-Planck equations. It turns out that the concentrations of the reactant and product molecules that optimize both the efficiency and the power are close to those in the cell.
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2013 Aug 14|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics