Adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) is a rare histological type of esophageal carcinoma. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy for the health checkup of a 71-year-old male revealed the presence of a slightly elevated lesion like a submucosal tumor at the lower part of the esophagus. The center of it was slightly depressed, and the depressed area was not stained by iodine. Magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging revealed reticular pattern vessels in the depressed area, whereas no irregularity of the microvascular pattern of the surrounding area was evident. One of the biopsied specimens taken from the depressed area was diagnosed as squamous intraepithelial neoplasia, but a malignant tumor with submucosal invasion was suspected based on the findings of endoscopic ultrasonography. Endoscopic mucosal resection using a cap-fitted endoscope was performed, and the lesion was diagnosed as esophageal ASC histologically. Carcinomas that formed nested and ductal structures existed in the lamina propria and invaded to the submucosa. Almost all of them were covered by non-invasive intraepithelial neoplasia, whereas small erosion was seen in the central depressed area. The growing pattern of ASC was quite different from that of typical differentiated squamous cell carcinomas. When we do endoscopic examination for an esophageal lesion like submucosal tumor, we have to consider the possibility of an esophageal carcinoma that has a similar growing pattern. If reticular pattern vessels are seen with magnifying endoscopy, the existence of an invasive carcinoma is suspected, and additional endoscopic ultrasonography is recommended. Possible efforts to gain histological findings have to be made using bowling biopsy, endoscopic resection, and so on.
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