Endobronchial carcinoid tumor combined with pulmonary non-tuberculous mycobacterial infection: Report of two cases

Yoshihiro Nakamura, Yoshinori Okada, Chiaki Endo, Hirokazu Aikawa, Akira Sakurada, Masami Sato, Takashi Kondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report here two cases of endobronchial carcinoid tumor complicated with pulmonary infection with non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). Case 1 was an 81-year-old woman with the left lower lobe atelectasis. Bronchoscopy showed complete obstruction of the left basal bronchus by a tumor and a sleeve lower lobectomy with mediastinal lymph node dissection was performed. Pathological examination showed typical carcinoid located in the left basal bronchus and many caseous granulomas containing mycobacteria in the lung parenchyma distal to the bronchus. Bacterial examinations of sputum and gastric juice after the operation showed a growth of Mycobacterium kansasii. Case 2 was a 50-year-old woman with the atelectasis of the left upper division. Bronchoscopy showed complete obstruction of the left upper division bronchus by a tumor and a left upper lobectomy with mediastinal lymph node dissection was performed. Pathological examination showed typical carcinoid located in the left upper division bronchus and many caseous granulomas in the lung parenchyma distal to the bronchus. The Ziehl-Neelsen stain showed many mycobacteria in these granulomas and they were identified as Mycobacterium avium by PCR analysis. Although NTM are not well recognized as possible pathogens of pulmonary infection related to bronchial obstruction by endobronchial carcinoma, our experiences rouse a caution to consider NTM as potential pathogens. We also discuss the possible mechanisms responsible for the specific relationship between carcinoid tumor and TNM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-229
Number of pages3
JournalLung Cancer
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Bronchial carcinoid
  • Bronchial obstruction
  • Endobronchial carcinoma
  • Mycobacterium avium
  • Mycobacterium kansasii
  • Non-tuberculous mycobacteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cancer Research

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