End-to-side nerve grafts: Experimental study in rats

Ken Matsuda, Masao Kakibuchi, Kenji Fukuda, Tateki Kubo, Thomas Madura, Ken Ichiro Kawai, Kenji Yano, Ko Hosokawa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    20 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The effectiveness of the end-to-side nerve graft in comparison with the end-to-end cable-graft was determined in rat sciatic nerve transection models. Sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups with different reconstructive methods for two branches of the sciatic nerve: Group I, median nerve graft with end-to-side neurorrhaphy; Group II, median and ulnar nerve grafts with end-to-end neurorrhaphy; Group III, no repair; and Group IV, sham operation. Between Groups I and II, there were no significant differences in the functional, electrophysiologic, and histologic evaluations. In retrograde tracing of the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia, the number of double-labeled neurons was significantly higher in Group I. End-to-side nerve grafts show good functional recovery, require less graft, and are easy to perform. The authors find this method to be an effective alternative in facial nerve reconstruction and of great value in various kinds of peripheral nerve surgery.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)581-591
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
    Volume21
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005 Nov

    Keywords

    • End-to-side neurorrhaphy
    • Multiple branch reconstruction
    • Nerve graft

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery

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