Enarodustat, Conversion and Maintenance Therapy for Anemia in Hemodialysis Patients: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Phase 2b Trial Followed by Long-Term Trial

Tadao Akizawa, Masaomi Nangaku, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Masanobu Arai, Ryosuke Koretomo, Kazuo Maeda, Yuya Miyazawa, Hideki Hirakata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Enarodustat (JTZ-951) is an orally available hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor that increases endogenous erythropoietin levels in the treatment of anemia associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Objective: A phase 2b study of enarodustat to assess the hemoglobin (Hb) response, safety, and maintenance dosage was conducted in Japanese anemic patients with hemodialysis-dependent CKD. Methods: Subjects receiving a stable dose of an erythropoiesis-stimulating agent were randomized to receive once-daily enarodustat at a dose of 2, 4, or 6 mg or placebo in a double-blind manner for 6 weeks (Period 1) followed by 24-week open treatment with enarodustat, adjusted in the range of 2-8 mg to maintain Hb within a target range (10.0-12.0 g/dL; Period 2). Results: Change in Hb from baseline increased with enarodustat dose in Period 1. In Period 2, the proportion of subjects who maintained their Hb level within the target range at the end of treatment was 65.1%. To maintain Hb levels within the target range over the course of Period 2, approximately 80% of subjects required 2 dose adjustments or fewer. Enarodustat decreased hepcidin and ferritin levels, increased total iron-binding capacity, and was generally well tolerated. Conclusions: Enarodustat corrected and maintained Hb levels in anemic patients with hemodialysis-dependent CKD. Phase 3 studies of enarodustat are currently ongoing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-85
Number of pages9
JournalNephron
Volume143
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anemia in chronic kidney disease
  • Enarodustat
  • Hepcidin
  • Hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor
  • Randomized trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Nephrology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Urology

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