Empirical ocean-color algorithms to retrieve chlorophyll-a, total suspended matter, and colored dissolved organic matter absorption coefficient in the Yellow and East China Seas

Eko Siswanto, Junwu Tang, Hisashi Yamaguchi, Yu Hwan Ahn, Joji Ishizaka, Sinjae Yoo, Sang Woo Kim, Yoko Kiyomoto, Keiko Yamada, Connie Chiang, Hiroshi Kawamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A bio-optical dataset collected during the 1998-2007 period in the Yellow and East China Seas (YECS) was used to provide alternative empirical ocean-color algorithms in the retrieval of chlorophyll-a (Chl-a), total suspended matter (TSM), and colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption coefficients at 440 nm (ag440). Assuming that remote-sensing reflectance (Rrs) could be retrieved accurately, empirical algorithms for TChl (regionally tuned Tassan's Chl-a algorithm) in case-1 waters (TChl2i in case-2 waters), TTSM (regionally tuned Tassan's TSM algorithm), and Tag440 or Cag440 (regionally tuned Tassan's or Carder's ag440 algorithm) were able to retrieve Chl-a, TSM, and ag440 with uncertainties as high as 35, 46, and 35%, respectively. Applying the standard SeaWiFS Rrs, TChl was not viable in the eastern part of the YECS, which was associated with an inaccurate SeaWiFS Rrs retrieval because of improper atmospheric correction. TChl behaved better than other algorithms in the turbid case-2 waters, although overestimation was still observed. To retrieve more reliable Chl-a estimates with standard SeaWiFS Rrs in turbid water (a proxy for case-2 waters), we modified TChl for data with SeaWiFS normalized water-leaving radiance at 555 nm (nLw555) > 2 mW cm-2 μm-1 sr-1 (TChl2s). Finally, with standard SeaWiFS Rrs, we recommend switching algorithms from TChl2s (for case-2 waters) to MOCChl (SeaWiFS-modified NASA OC4v4 standard algorithm for case-1 waters) for retrieving Chl-a, which resulted in uncertainties as high as 49%. To retrieve TSM and ag440 using SeaWiFS Rrs, we recommend empirical algorithms for TTSM (pre-SeaWiFS-modified form) and MTag440 or MCag440 (SeaWiFS Rrs-modified forms of Tag440 or Cag440). These could retrieve with uncertainties as high as 82 and 52%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-650
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Oceanography
Volume67
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct 1

Keywords

  • CDOM
  • Chlorophyll-a
  • Remote-sensing reflectance
  • Suspended sediment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography

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