Emission characteristics of turbulent non-premixed ammonia/air and methane/air swirl flames through a rich-lean combustor under various wall thermal boundary conditions at high pressure

Kapuruge Don Kunkuma Amila Somarathne, Ekenechukwu C. Okafor, Akihiro Hayakawa, Taku Kudo, Osamu Kurata, Norihiko Iki, Hideaki Kobayashi

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study is dedicated to understanding the combustion and emission characteristics of turbulent non-premixed ammonia (NH3)/air and methane (CH4)/air swirl flames in a rich-lean gas turbine−like combustor at high pressure under various wall thermal boundary conditions. In this study, the emission characteristics of both flames were obtained through numerical simulations using large−eddy simulations with the finite-rate chemistry technique. In addition, for NH3/air flames, simultaneous NO and OH planar laser−induced fluorescence (PLIF) images were acquired in order to qualitatively verify the numerical results. The results show that the minimum NO emission could be obtained when the primary zone global equivalence ratio (ϕglobal/pri) was 1.1, irrespective of the wall thermal condition, using a rich-lean combustor in NH3/air flames, whereas in CH4/air flames, the maximum NO emission was obtained with a ϕglobal/pri value of 1.0. Moreover, in NH3/air flames, the local NO concentration is largely dependent on the local OH concentration, whereas in CH4/air flames, the local NO concentration is largely dependent on the local temperature. The NO−OH correlation in NH3/air flames was experimentally verified using simultaneous NO and OH PLIF images. Additionally, it was found that, in NH3/air flames, the wall heat losses due to the combustor wall cooling greatly affected the NH3 oxidation and led to significant emissions of unburnt NH3, although lower NO emission resulted from the combustor wall cooling. This was primarily because of the lower OH concentration level in the flame region owing to the wall heat losses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-261
Number of pages15
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume210
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec

Keywords

  • Ammonia
  • Emission
  • Gas turbine
  • Methane
  • Rich-lean combustion
  • Wall thermal boundary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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