Emerging infectious diseases: Focus on infection control issues for novel coronaviruses (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-CoV and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-CoV), hemorrhagic fever viruses (Lassa and Ebola), and highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses, A(H5N1) and A(H7N9)

David J. Weber, William A. Rutala, William A. Fischer, Hajime Kanamori, Emily E. Sickbert-Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over the past several decades, we have witnessed the emergence of many new infectious agents, some of which are major public threats. New and emerging infectious diseases which are both transmissible from patient-to-patient and virulent with a high mortality include novel coronaviruses (SARS-CoV, MERS-CV), hemorrhagic fever viruses (Lassa, Ebola), and highly pathogenic avian influenza A viruses, A(H5N1) and A(H7N9). All healthcare facilities need to have policies and plans in place for early identification of patients with a highly communicable diseases which are highly virulent, ability to immediately isolate such patients, and provide proper management (e.g., training and availability of personal protective equipment) to prevent transmission to healthcare personnel, other patients and visitors to the healthcare facility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e91-e100
JournalAmerican Journal of Infection Control
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 2
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ebola viral disease
  • Emerging infectious diseases
  • Lassa fever
  • Middle East respiratory syndrome
  • health care-associated infections
  • infection control
  • novel influenza viruses
  • occupational health
  • severe acute respiratory disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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