In order to study the origin of metallization of VO2 induced by electron injection, we deposit K atoms onto the surface of VO2 films grown on TiO2 (001) substrates, and we investigate the change in the electronic and crystal structures using in situ photoemission spectroscopy and x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The deposition of K atoms onto a surface of insulating monoclinic VO2 leads to a phase transition from insulator to metal. In this metallization state, the V-V dimerization characteristic to the monoclinic phase of VO2 still exists, as revealed by the polarization dependence of the XAS spectra. Furthermore, the monoclinic metal undergoes a transition to a monoclinic insulator with decrease in temperature, and to a rutile metal with increase in temperature. These results indicate the existence of a metallic monoclinic phase around the boundary between the insulating monoclinic and metallic rutile phases in the case of electron-doped VO2.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics