Emergence of a Giant Rotating Cluster of Fish in Three Dimensions by Local Interactions

Susumu Ito, Nariya Uchida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Schooling fish exhibit giant rotating clusters such as balls, tori, and rings, among other collective patterns. In order to account for their giantness and flexible shape change, we introduce an agent-based model that limits the number of agents that each agent can interact with (interaction capacity). Incorporating autonomous control of attractive interactions, we reproduce rotating clusters (balls, tori, and rings) that are an order of magnitude larger than the interaction range. We obtained a phase diagram of patterns including polarized schools and swarms. In our model, the scaling law between the number of agents and the projected area of the cluster is in good agreement with experimental results. The model indicates that giant rotating clusters are formed at low interaction capacity, without long-range interactions or inherent chirality of fish.

Original languageEnglish
Article number064806
Journaljournal of the physical society of japan
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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