We describe treatment of a 53-year-old man with chronic hepatic encephalopathy. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography demonstrated a recanalized paraumbilical vein as a portosystemic shunt connecting the left branch of the portal vein and bilateral iliac veins. Percutaneous embolization was performed. The paraumbilical vein was punctured under ultrasonographic guidance; a 7-Fr sheath was inserted in the cranial direction. The hepatic side of the shunt was embolized with a vascular plug. The sheath direction was inverted to the caudal side; the pelvic side of the shunt was then embolized with another vascular plug. This report demonstrates that the percutaneous transparaumbilical venous approach is useful and safe for portosystemic shunt intervention. Moreover, the one-sheath inverse method was useful for embolization of upstream and downstream sides of the puncture site.
- Hepatic encephalopathy
- One-sheath inverse method
- Portal hypertension
- Portosystemic shunt
- Transparaumbilical venous approach
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging