Elevated levels of full-length and thrombin-cleaved osteopontin during acute dengue virus infection are associated with coagulation abnormalities

Haorile Chagan-Yasutan, Talitha Lea Lacuesta, Lishomwa C. Ndhlovu, Shigeru Oguma, Prisca Susan A. Leano, Elizabeth Freda O. Telan, Toru Kubo, Kouichi Morita, Toshimitsu Uede, Efren M. Dimaano, Toshio Hattori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction Dengue virus (DENV) is transmitted by the mosquito vector, and causes a wide range of symptoms that lead to dengue fever (DF) or life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). The host and viral correlates that contribute to DF and DHF are complex and poorly understood, but appear to be linked to inflammation and impaired coagulation. Full-length osteopontin (FL-OPN), a glycoprotein, and its activated thrombin-cleaved product, trOPN, integrate multiple immunological signals through the induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Materials and Method To understand the role of OPN in DENV-infection, we assessed circulating levels of FL-OPN, trOPN, and several coagulation markers (D-dimer, thrombin-antithrombin complex [TAT], thrombomodulin [TM], and ferritin in blood obtained from 65 DENV infected patients in the critical and recovery phases of DF and DHF during a dengue virus epidemic in the Philippines in 2010. Results Levels of FL-OPN, trOPN, D-dimer, TAT, and TM were significantly elevated in the critical phase in both the DF and DHF groups, as compared with healthy controls. During the recovery phase, FL-OPN levels declined while trOPN levels increased dramatically in both the DF and DHF groups. FL-OPN levels were directly correlated with D-dimer and ferritin levels, while the generation of trOPN was associated with TAT levels, platelet counts, and viral RNA load. Conclusion Our study demonstrated the marked elevation of plasma levels of FL-OPN and thrombin-cleaved OPN product, trOPN, in DENV-infection for the first time. Further studies on the biological functions of these matricellular proteins in DENV-infection would clarify its pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-454
Number of pages6
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume134
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Coagulation
  • Dengue virus
  • Full-length osteopontin
  • Inflammation
  • Thrombin
  • Thrombin-cleaved osteopontin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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