Elevated Levels of Fractalkine Expression and Accumulation of CD16+ Monocytes in Glomeruli of Active Lupus Nephritis

Shuhei Yoshimoto, Kimihiko Nakatani, Masayuki Iwano, Osamu Asai, Ken ichi Samejima, Hirokazu Sakan, Miho Terada, Koji Harada, Yasuhiro Akai, Hideo Shiiki, Masato Nose, Yoshihiko Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Fractalkine (Fkn) is a chemokine that affects cells expressing its receptor, CX3CR1, including CD16-positive (CD16+) monocytes/macrophages (CD16+ Mos). The relationship of levels of glomerular Fkn expression and infiltration by CD16+ Mos with the severity and diversity of glomerular lesions in human lupus nephritis is not known. Study Design: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of variables observed in biopsy specimens. Settings & Participants: 88 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Predictor: Histological class and severity of lupus nephritis according to the International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society and clinicopathologic factors. Outcomes: Outcome variables are assays related to the degree of glomerular Fkn expression and CD16+ Mo infiltration. Measurements: Immunohistological grading of Fkn staining, number of CD16+ Mos, and messenger RNA levels of Fkn and CD16 in glomeruli. Results: Patients with proliferative lupus nephritis (class III and IV glomeruli) showed significantly greater glomerular Fkn expression and CD16+ Mo counts than those with other classes. Infiltrating CD16+ Mos within glomeruli expressed CX3CR1. Moreover, glomerular Fkn expression significantly correlated with the histopathologic activity index and CD16+ Mo counts, and CD16+ Mo counts significantly correlated with serum levels of blood urea nitrogen, complement (CH50), and anti-DNA antibody; estimated glomerular filtration rate; and urinary protein excretion. Glucocorticoid therapy had a tendency to decrease both glomerular Fkn expression and CD16+ Mo counts. Limitations: Only frozen biopsy specimens (from 49 patients) were analyzed for the evaluation of glomerular Fkn expression. Conclusion: Disease activity and proliferative glomerular lupus nephritis lesions are associated with the glomerular Fkn expression and CD16+ Mo accumulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-58
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jul


  • CD16 monocytes
  • Fractalkine
  • lupus nephritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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