Elevated extracellular calcium increases expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 gene via a calcium channel and ERK pathway in human dental pulp cells

Hiroyuki Tada, Eiji Nemoto, Sousuke Kanaya, Nozomu Hamaji, Hisae Sato, Hidetoshi Shimauchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dental pulp cells, which have been shown to share phenotypical features with osteoblasts, are capable of differentiating into odontoblast-like cells and generating a dentin-like mineral structure. Elevated extracellular Ca2+Cao2 + has been implicated in osteogenesis by stimulating the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts; however, the role of Cao2 + signaling in odontogenesis remains unclear. We found that elevated Cao2 + increases bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 gene expression in human dental pulp cells. The increase was modulated not only at a transcriptional level but also at a post-transcriptional level, because treatment with Ca2+ increased the stability of BMP-2 mRNA in the presence of actinomycin D, an inhibitor of transcription. A similar increase in BMP-2 mRNA level was observed in other human mesenchymal cells from oral tissue; periodontal ligament cells and gingival fibroblasts. However, the latter cells exhibited considerably lower expression of BMP-2 mRNA compared with dental pulp cells and periodontal ligament cells. The BMP-2 increase was markedly inhibited by pretreatment with an extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) inhibitor, PD98059, and partially inhibited by the L-type Ca2+ channels inhibitor, nifedipine. However, pretreatment with nifedipine had no effect on ERK1/2 phosphorylation triggered by Ca2+, suggesting that the Ca2+ influx from Ca2+ channels may operate independently of ERK signaling. Dental pulp cells do not express the transcript of Ca2+-sensing receptors (CaSR) and only respond slightly to other cations such as Sr2+ and spermine, suggesting that dental pulp cells respond to Cao2 + to increase BMP-2 mRNA expression in a manner different from CaSR and rather specific for Cao2 + among cations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1093-1097
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications
Volume394
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Apr 16

Keywords

  • BMP-2
  • Extracellular calcium
  • Human dental pulp cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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