Electronic ferroelectricity in molecular organic crystals

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electronic ferroelectricity in molecular organic crystals is reviewed from a theoretical perspective. In particular, we focus on the charge-driven-type electronic ferroelectricity where electronic charge order without inversion symmetry induces a spontaneous electric polarization in quarter-filling systems. Two necessary conditions to realize this type of ferroelectricity are the dimer-type lattice structure and alternate electronic charge alignments. Some prototypical organic compounds are introduced. In particular, κ-type BEDT-TTF organic salts, which are termed the dimer-Mott insulating systems, are focused on. Recent developments in the theoretical researches for dielectric and magnetodielectric properties, a collective dipole excitation and a possibility of superconductivity induced by polar charge fluctuation are reviewed. Some perspectives are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number493201
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Volume26
Issue number49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec 10

Keywords

  • Charge order
  • Electron correlation
  • Ferroelectricity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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