Electron spin resonance studies of wild-type and mutant cytochromes P-450d: effects of mutations at proximal, aromatic and distal sites on g values

Hideo Sotokawa, Toru Shimizu, Hideyuki Furuya, Abu Jafar Md Sadeque, Masahiro Hatano, Yasunori Ohba, Masamoto Iwaizumi, Yoshiaki Fujii-Kuriyama

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Low-temperature (6-40 K) electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra of cytochrome P-450d (P-450d) and its 17 mutants have been measured. The spectra of the wild-type and all mutant P-450ds showed signals at around g = 8, 3.7 and 1.7, while they didn't show any signal at around g = 2 up to 40 K. It was thus suggested that all of these P-450ds essentially take the ferric high-spin form. The g values of the proximal mutants were closer to those of the wild-type than those of the distal and aromatic mutants, suggesting that mutations at the distal and aromatic sites influence the electronic state of the heme more profoundly than those of the proximal site. The distal multiple mutants whose distal sequences are the same as those of the low-spin type P-450s such as rat P-450c, mouse P1-450 and P3-450 showed only high-spin ESR signals. Thus the spin state of P-450dS (the wild-type and all mutants) may not be solely due to specific characteristics of the distal site, but to the unique nature of the whole heme environment of P-450d. It is also suggested that the amino acids at the distal region of P-450d may be located close to the heme, so that the water molecule cannot bind to the heme, thus taking the high-spin state. Both the aromatic mutants showed rather large deviations of the g values from those of wild-type P-450d, suggesting that the aromatic region somehow interacts with the heme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-128
Number of pages7
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Protein Structure and Molecular
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1990 Jan 19


  • Cytochrome P-450
  • Electron spin resonance
  • Hemoprotein
  • Site directed mutagenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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