Electron cyclotron current drive (ECCD) at the second harmonic (=2e) is demonstrated for two types of plasma in the WT-3 tokamak. When microwave power PEC is injected into a plasma after Ohmic heating (OH) power is shut down, the plasma current is sustained and ramped up by the EC wave only. Here 2e EC-driven current is generated by 2e EC heating of an energetic electron tail existing in the OH plasma. Further, when PEC is injected into a microwave discharge plasma, 2e EC-driven plasma current is started up and 23 ECCD plasma is formed without OH power. The 2e ECCD efficiency is the same order as that at =e, but the 3e EC-driven current is not generated, in contrast with the theoretical prediction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)