Electromagnetic waves in single- and multi-Josephson junctions

Hideki Matsumoto, Tomio Koyama, Masahiko Machida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The terahertz wave emission from the intrinsic Josephson junctions is one of recent topics in high Tc superconductors. We investigate, by numerical simulation, properties of the electromagnetic waves excited by a constant bias current in the single- and multi-Josephson junctions. Nonlinear equations of phase-differences are solved numerically by treating the effects of the outside electromagnetic fields as dynamical boundary conditions. It is shown that the emitted power of the electromagnetic wave can become large near certain retrapping points of the I-V characteristics. An instability of the inside phase oscillation is related to large amplitude of the oscillatory waves. In the single- (or homogeneous mutli-) Josephson junctions, electromagnetic oscillations can occur either in a form of standing waves (shorter junctions) or by formation of vortex-antivortex pairs (longer junctions). How these two effects affects the behavior of electromagnetic waves in the intrinsic Josephson junctions is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)654-659
Number of pages6
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue number7-10
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Apr 1


  • Electromagnetic waves in Josephson junctions
  • Intrinsic Josephson junction
  • Terahertz wave emission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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