We have investigated electromagnetic properties of the tip-sample gap of a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) in the terahertz (THz) spectral range. Light in the STM is emitted from the current source excited by tunneling electrons through dipole radiation processes. The antenna factor that measures the efficiency of the dipole radiation contains a factor proportional to the square of the angular frequency ω of the STM light. Hence, it might occur that STM light emissions in the THz spectral range become undetectably weak. The antenna factors for samples of Au and TiO2, whose plasma frequencies are in the UV and THz spectral ranges, respectively, were investigated as a function of the radius a of curvarure of the W tip. We have found that the effect of ω2 in the antenna factor can be compensated for using a tip having an a of approximately 1500 nm.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)