Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy of High-Efficiency Hydrogen Membrane Fuel Cells Based on Sputter-Deposited BaCe0.8Y0.2O3-δ Thin Films

Yoshitaka Aoki, Shohei Kobayashi, Tomoyuki Yamaguchi, Etsushi Tsuji, Hiroki Habazaki, Keiji Yashiro, Tetsuya Kawada, Toshiaki Ohtsuka

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14 Citations (Scopus)


A hydrogen membrane fuel cell (HMFC) consisting of a Pd solid anode, 1 μm thick BaCe0.8Y0.2O3-δ thin-film electrolyte, and La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 cathode was examined. A single-phase BaCe0.8Y0.2O3-δ thin film was successfully deposited by radio frequency cosputtering with BaCe0.8Y0.2O3 and Ce0.9Y0.1O2 double targets, as checked by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and wavelength dispersive X-ray analysis. The maximum power density reached 1.05 W cm-2 at 600 °C, and this value was higher than the champion data of the recently reported proton-conducting ceramic fuel cells (PCFCs). Electrochemical impedance analysis was performed to characterize the anode and cathode polarization behavior. The impedance responses of HMFC were explicable with an equivalent circuit built by a series connection of cathode charge-transfer elements and anode mass-transfer elements. The contribution of the mass transfer in Pd bulk was found to be relatively small in comparison to cathode polarization and ohmic loss in normal fuel cell atmosphere. Moreover, the cathodic charge-transfer resistance of HMFC was found to be 25 times smaller than those of the recent PCFC systems. The current results demonstrated that the HMFC retained relatively large gas-proton-electron triple-boundary zones near the interface between the BaCe0.8Y0.2O3-δ electrolyte and porous La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 cathode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15976-15985
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number29
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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