Electrocatalytic reduction of low concentration CO2

Hiromu Kumagai, Tetsuya Nishikawa, Hiroki Koizumi, Taiki Yatsu, Go Sahara, Yasuomi Yamazaki, Yusuke Tamaki, Osamu Ishitani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Utilization of low concentration CO2 contained in the exhaust gases from various industries and thermal power stations without the need for energy-consuming concentration processes should be an important technology for solving global warming and the shortage of fossil resources. Here we report the direct electrocatalytic reduction of low concentration CO2 by a Re(i)-complex catalyst that possesses CO2-capturing ability in the presence of triethanolamine. The reaction rate and faradaic efficiency of CO2 reduction were almost the same when using Ar gas containing 10% CO2 or when using pure CO2 gas, and the selectivity of CO formation was very high (98% at 10% CO2). At a concentration of 1% CO2, the Re(i) complex still behaved as a good electrocatalyst; 94% selectivity of CO formation and 85% faradaic efficiency were achieved, and the rate of CO formation was 67% compared to that when using pure CO2 gas. The electrocatalysis was due to the efficient insertion of CO2 into the Re(i)-O bond in fac-[Re(dmb)(CO)3{OC2H4N(C2H4OH)2}] (dmb = 4,4′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1597-1606
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Science
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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