Electrical resistance-based strain sensing in carbon nanotube/polymer composites under tension: Analytical modeling and experiments

Yu Kuronuma, Tomo Takeda, Yasuhide Shindo, Fumio Narita, Zhijuan Wei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents an analytical and experimental study on the strain sensing behavior of carbon nanotube (CNT)-based polymer composites. Tensile tests were conducted on CNT/polycarbonate composites and the responses in the electrical resistance were measured during the tests. An analytical model incorporating the electrical tunneling effect due to the matrix material between CNTs was also developed to describe the electrical resistance change as a result of mechanical deformation. The model deals with the inter-nanotube matrix deformation at the micro/nanoscale due to the macroscale deformation of the nanocomposites. A comparison of the analytical predictions and the experimental data showed that the proposed model captures the sensing behavior. In addition, the effect of the micro/nanoscale structures on the strain induced resistance change was discussed to provide useful information for designing CNT-based polymer composites with high strain sensing capability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1678-1682
Number of pages5
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Volume72
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Sep 17

Keywords

  • A. Carbon nanotubes
  • A. Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
  • B. Electrical properties
  • C. Deformation
  • C. Modelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Engineering(all)

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