Electrical properties of amorphous carbon semiconductor prepared using a naphthalene precursor

Yasunori Inoue, Mayo Sugano, Shunsuke Kawakami, Masaaki Kitano, Kiyotaka Nakajima, Hideki Kato, Michikazu Hara

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An amorphous carbon (a-C) semiconductor was prepared by the pyrolysis of naphthalene in the presence of AlCl3 under a nitrogen gas flow. Electrical properties, such as the Seebeck coefficient (S) and electrical conductivity, of the a-C materials were studied as a function of the heat treatment temperature (7731273 K) and time (530 h). The electrical conductivity of a-C increased with the heating temperature. At a heating temperature of 873 K, a-C exhibits p-type semiconducting behavior (S = 0.41mVK-1, α = 2.0 × 10 -5Scm-1) and consists of a mixture of sp2-bonded carbon sheets (average sheet size: ca. 1.0 nm) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). After prolonged heat treatment (30 h) at 873 K, the electrical conductivity of a-C was increased by a factor of approximately 50 without loss of the semiconductivity (S = 0.20mVK-1, α = 9.6 × 10 -4Scm-1). The increase in the electrical conductivity of a-C is attributed to the decomposition of insulating PAH compounds by the prolonged heat treatment. Thus, precise control of the heating temperature and time has a significant effect on the p-type semiconductivity and electrical conductivity of a-C materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-50
Number of pages6
JournalBulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan
Volume86
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 24

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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