Electrical conduction properties of Sr-doped PrPO4, NdPO4 and SmPO4 with the monazite structure were investigated at 500-925 °C under H2/H2O reducing conditions. From H/D isotope effects and p(H2)-dependencies of the conductivities, it was found that the materials dominantly conducted protons under the wet reducing conditions although the materials slightly showed n-type electronic conduction at higher temperatures. Based on p(H2O) and p(H2)-dependencies of the conductivities, defect structures of the materials under the reducing conditions were discussed. As a result, it was considered that major positive defects were oxygen deficits at higher temperatures and protons at lower temperatures.
- High temperature protonic conduction
- Rare earth orthophosphate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Materials Chemistry
- Condensed Matter Physics