Electric pulse stimulation induces NMDA glutamate receptor mRNA in NIH3T3 mouse fibroblasts

Saeko Okutsu, Hiroyasu Hatakeyama, Makoto Kanazaki, Hiroshi Tsubokawa, Ryoichi Nagatomi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Excess glutamate and Ca2+ influx into neurons exacerbate brain damage such as ischemia. Astrocytes at the site of damage proliferate and attenuate the glutamate- and Ca2+-induced neuronal damage by removing excess glutamate and Ca2+ through the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptor and the L-type Ca2+ channel, respectively. Fibroblasts are commonly mobilized to the site of damage, probably supporting the restoration process. Notably, fibroblasts express the L-type voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channel, but not central nervous system-specific NMDA glutamate receptor. We examined if electric pulse stimulation (EPS) was capable of inducing NMDA receptor on fibroblasts by way of Ca2+ channel activation, so that they could potentially have a neuroprotective role. To activate L-type Ca2+ channel, we delivered electric pulse to cultured NIH3T3 mouse fibroblasts. EPS of 20 V with a pulse duration of 2 msec at a frequency of 1 Hz for more than 1 h up to 24 h successfully introduced Ca2+ into NIH3T3 fibroblasts as detected by Fluo-4AM calcium imaging, which was totally inhibited by a L-type Ca2+ channel inhibitor, verapamil. Remarkable expression of NMDA receptor mRNA in the fibroblasts after 24-h EPS was demonstrated by RT-PCR. Verapamil treatment during EPS totally abrogated the EPS-induced NMDA receptor mRNA expression. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report showing that electric pulse is able to induce sustained Ca2+ influx via L-type Ca2+ channel in a non-excitatory fibroblast, which leads to the expression CNS-specific NMDA receptor mRNA. Neuroprotective role of NMDA receptor induced in fibroblasts needs to be further examined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-187
Number of pages7
JournalTohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Volume215
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Aug 13

Keywords

  • Ca influx
  • Electric pulse stimulation (EPS)
  • Fibroblasts
  • NIH3T3
  • NMDA receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Electric pulse stimulation induces NMDA glutamate receptor mRNA in NIH3T3 mouse fibroblasts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this