Electric current induced compositional variation in LiNbO3 fiber crystal grown by a micro-pulling down method

Yukinaga Azuma, Satoshi Uda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The electric-field modified partitioning of Li ion species was studied for the growth of LiNbO3 fiber crystals via a micro-pulling down (μ-PD) method. DC power was applied between the platinum seed and the outlet of a capillary pipe attached to the bottom of the crucible so as to generate a constant electric current. The electric current, passing through the molten zone, the solid-liquid interface and the crystal, induced an electric field near the interface which influences the transport and segregation of ionic species in the melt. The compositional change in terms of mol% Li2O was examined by measuring the Curie temperature of crystals grown from melts with various compositions. The melt with Li2O concentration larger than the congruent-melting composition (k0Li2 O < 1) decreased its Li2O content near the interface by an electric current flowing from the crystal to the melt, while it did not change by the inverse current. In contrast, the melt with Li2O concentration smaller than the congruent composition (k0Li2 O > 1) increased its Li2O content by the electric current from the melt to the crystal, while it did not change by the inverse current. The above variation was peculiar to growth via a μ-PD method under an electric field induced by an imposed electric current, which confirmed that the major ionic species driven by the electric field was the Li ion species resulting in a change in the bulk Li2O concentration both in the melt near the interface and in the grown crystal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-224
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug 1


  • A1. Interface
  • A2. Growth from melt
  • A2. Micro-pulling down growth
  • B1. Lithium niobate
  • B1. Oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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