Elastocaloric effect in poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene) terpolymer

Yukihiro Yoshida, Kaori Yuse, Daniel Guyomar, Jean Fabien Capsal, Gael Sebald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The elastocaloric properties of poly (vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene) [P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE)] terpolymer were directly characterized using an infrared imaging camera. At a strain of 12%, a reversible adiabatic temperature variation of 2.15 °C was measured, corresponding to an isothermal entropy variation of 21.5 kJ m-3 K-1 or 11 J kg-1 K-1. In comparison with other elastocaloric materials, P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) appears to represent a trade-off between the large required stresses in shape memory alloys and the large required strains in natural rubber. The internal energy of the P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) polymer was found to be independent of the strain, resulting in complete conversion of the mechanical work into heat, as for pure elastomeric materials. The elastocaloric effect therefore originates from a pure entropic elasticity, which is likely to be related to the amorphous phase of the polymer only.

Original languageEnglish
Article number242904
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume108
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 13
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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