EGFR Mutation Analysis of Circulating Tumor DNA Using an Improved PNA-LNA PCR Clamp Method

Kana Watanabe, Tatsuro Fukuhara, Yoko Tsukita, Mami Morita, Aya Suzuki, Nobuyuki Tanaka, Hiroshi Terasaki, Toshihiro Nukiwa, Makoto Maemondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction. Rebiopsies have become more crucial in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Instead of invasive biopsies, development of collecting biological data of the tumor from blood samples is expected. We conducted a prospective study to assess the feasibility of detection of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation in plasma samples. Method. NSCLC patients harboring EGFR activating mutations, who were going to receive EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) as first-line treatment, were enrolled in this study. Plasma EGFR activating mutations and the T790M resistance mutation were analyzed by an improved PNA-LNA PCR clamp method, characterized by a 10-fold or more sensitivity compared with the original methods. Result. Six patients with wild-type EGFR and 24 patients with EGFR mutations were enrolled in this study. Pretreatment plasma samples achieved sensitivity of 79%. The 6 patients with wild-type EGFR were all negative for plasma EGFR mutations. At the time of disease progression, plasma T790M mutation was detected in 8 of 16 cases. Absence of T790M before and during TKI treatment and disappearance of activating mutations during TKI treatment were considered as predictors of EGFR-TKIs efficacy. Conclusion. We were able to detect EGFR mutations in plasma samples by using an improved PNA-LNA PCR clamp method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5297329
JournalCanadian Respiratory Journal
Volume2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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